VATICAN CITY — The Vatican’s newspaper has shown support for letting divorced and civilly remarried Catholics receive Communion under certain conditions by publishing a set of new guidelines that go beyond even what Pope Francis has said.
The Catholic Church in Malta issued the guidelines Friday on applying the divisive Chapter VIII of Francis’ document on family life that concerns ministering to Catholics in “irregular” family situations. The Vatican newspaper, L’Osservatore Romano, published the guidelines in full.
The Maltese church said that if a Catholic in a new civil union believes, after a path of spiritual discernment searching for God’s will that he or she can be at peace with God, “he or she cannot be precluded from participating in the sacraments of Reconciliation and the Eucharist.”
Church teaching holds that unless divorced Catholics receive an annulment, or a church decree that their first marriage was invalid, they are committing adultery and cannot receive Communion. For a variety of reasons such annulments often cannot be obtained.
Citing Jesus’ teaching on the indissolubility of marriage, some conservatives have insisted the rules are fixed and that the only way these Catholics can receive Communion is to abstain from sex. Progressives have sought wiggle room to balance doctrine with mercy and look at each couple on a case-by-case basis.
In his 2016 document “The Joy of Love,” Francis said pastors should help individual Catholics ascertain what God is asking of them. Vague language and footnotes linked such discussions of conscience with access to the sacraments. But the pope clarified in an in-flight interview in February 2016 that “integrating (such Catholics) in the church doesn’t mean receiving Communion.”
The Maltese bishops however say flat out that if certain conditions are met, these Catholics cannot be excluded from the sacraments.
In another footnote, Francis argued that abstaining from sex can endanger fidelity and the good of the children in the new union.
The Maltese bishops, led by a former Vatican heavyweight, Archbishop Charles Scicluna, went further saying it may actually be “humanly impossible” to live as brother and sister.
Several bishops conferences have issued similar documents interpreting the question for their priests. Francis has already personally endorsed the Argentine bishops’ version, which makes a similar opening.
Significantly, more conservative interpretations that rule out the sacraments for these Catholics have been ignored by the pope and the Vatican.
Yet, “The Catechism of the Catholic Church,” an official summary of its teachings, says, “The remarriage of persons divorced from a living, lawful spouse contravenes the plan and law of God … They cannot receive Eucharistic communion.”