In the early 20th century, it looked as if fate was going to smile on the Manfredis forever. The two brothers and their wives were sharing the good life in the Howard District. The children went to Howard School, which was predominately Italian, and everything had come up roses since they came to America from Italy.
Giovanni Manfredi had come to Madera in 1910, and his wife, Eliza followed him in 1911. Giovanni’s brother, Cirillo, joined him in 1921, and his wife, Virginia made it to Madera in 1922.
By 1927, the two Italian immigrant families were working hard, enjoying the fruits of their labor and raising their children in the country. Giovanni and Eliza had three children: Stelio (1915), Elena (1918) and Adriana (1927). Cirillo and Virginia had Ada (1925) after losing an infant daughter in 1923.
It seemed the best of times, then Fate showed that she could be fickle, and life could turn on a dime. Tragedy sent the Manfredis reeling in 1929 when Giovanni died suddenly...